A game’s functionality is created using a programming language. By definition, games must have several attributes, including victory and loss conditions, obstacles, and rewards. Players must also be able to control the player using an input device, like a keyboard & mouse or controller. Besides these bare minimum requirements, modern games are usually packed with other features and mechanics to make the game more immersive.

Games are programmed in a game engine, such as Unreal Engine or Unity. Large studios, including Bethesda and Electronic Arts, are also known for making proprietary engines for their games.

  • How to create a computer program.

Art and asset creation

Often created by a separate team of specialized artists, the assets for the game are also a crucial part of game design. Environments, characters, objects, and animations must be created to give the game a consistent look and feel. In 2-D games, graphics are often created using an image editor. If the game is 3-D, modeling software is used. In either case, animation software is used to simulate motion.

Audio is created using a DAW (digital audio workstation) program and can involve foley artistry for sound effects, voice acting for characters and musical compositions for the game’s soundtrack.