Sport and metabolism

Nutrition plays a very important role in carrying out and increasing physical performance, as well as in recovery and reaching the ideal weight.
Eating correctly, on the one hand allows our body to have everything it needs to make physical effort, on the other it allows us to maintain a good state of health and physical but also psychological well-being.
It’s not enough to do physical activity to feel good. If you don’t feed yourself in the right way, you risk not getting the hard-earned, hoped-for and set results with our business. Let’s read together more information about this pairing!

Sports are not all the same and for this reason it is important to orient yourself correctly from a nutritional point of view for many reasons:

  • to provide our body with the right fuel at the right times
  • be ready from an energy point of view
  • support the performance
  • recover energy, nutrients and hydration at the end of the workout


Before understanding what an athlete should eat, it is important to start with a simple definition of metabolism: the amount of kilocalories we consume daily to perform our activities.
Every physical activity we practice has a different energy cost. It is therefore essential, especially for those who practice sports, to ensure an adequate intake of kilocalories through food in order to:
• maintain the correct body weight
• have the right muscle mass/body composition
• maximize the effects of training
In the literature there are many studies summarized in tables that indicate the various energy consumption based on the sport practiced, but being valid for an average population, they cannot be valid for everyone.

Diversity also makes us unique in sport

In fact, not all of us are the same in terms of height, weight and muscle mass and therefore we do not consume the same energy for the same activity performed. To find out how much your energy expenditure and therefore your metabolism amounts to, you need an accurate food history, an anthropometric evaluation (measurements, weight, bio-impedance analysis, plicometry, etc.) and a history of the physical activity performed, which provides precise information on timing, type of training, physical sensations before, during and after exercise (fatigue, tiredness, malaise, well-being, etc.).

Sports are not all the same

The sporting act is characterized by:
•The muscles involved and their use based on the exercise performed (eg running puts more stress on the legs, but there is a difference between sprinting 100m or running for 5 km)
• From duration of effort (a few seconds, minutes or hours)
• The intensity with which the sport is
practiced Physical exercises can be:
• Short and intense
• Short and light
• Long and intense
• Long and light

The movements that for their different purpose activate our muscles, take advantage of different muscle fibers that make up the muscle from time to time.
It is precisely this different engagement of the muscle that requires energy drawn from different energy sources.
Knowing a sport means knowing the energy system that is used to perform it (eg anaerobic, lactic, aerobic, etc.) and, consequently, the fuels necessary to carry it out (percentages of proteins, carbohydrates and fats).
It is precisely the correct use of fuel that makes the difference, whatever the goal you want to achieve!